Active And Passive Voice Rules Of Past Perfect Tense With Examples


Past perfect tense के Active voice sentence को Passive voice में बनाना सीखाऊँगा । मैं उम्मीद करता हूँ कि इस post को पढ़ने के बाद आपके लिए  Active voice से Passive बनाना आसान नहीं बहुत आसान हो जाएगा; बशर्ते आप इस post में बताए गए Active and passive rules और  examples को ध्यान से समझें; तो चलिए बिना देर किए सीखना शुरु करते.......
मैं आपको हिन्दी माध्यम से active and passive voice बनाना सीखाऊँगा, इस post को पढ़ने के बाद आपके लिए  Active voice से Passive बनानां बहुत आसान हो जाएगा....

What is active and passive voice ?

 आज आप सीखाने जा रहा हूँ कि Past perfect tense के active voice sentence को passive voice sentence में कैसे बदला जाता है ? लेकिन उससे पहले आप जानेंगे कि Active and passive voice होता क्या है ? तो चलिए बिना देर किए सीखते हैं ।

Active Voice -

मतलब " कर्ता वाच्य " ऐसे वाक्य जिसकी शुरुआत हमेशा Subject ( कर्ता ) से हो जैसे -
वह यह मूवी देख चुका था । ( He had watched this movie.)
वह मुझे इस बारे में बता चुका था । ( He had told me about it.)
" Active voice " के वाक्य प्रश्नवाचक भी हो सकते हैं; जैसे -
क्या तुम यह फिल्म चुके थे ? ( Had you watched this film ? )
तुम उसे यहाँ क्यों लाए थे ? ( Why had you taken him here ? )

Passive Voice -

इसका मतलब होता है " कर्म वाच्य " ऐसे वाक्य जिसकी शुरुआत हमेशा ' Object - कर्म ' से हो जैसे -
उसके द्वारा यह किताब पढ़ी जा चुकी थी । ( This book had been read by him.)
उसके द्वारा वह पीटा जा चुका था । ( He had been beaten by him.)
क्या तुम्हारे द्वारा यह होमवर्क किया जा चुका था ? ( Had this homework been finished by you ?)
उसकी तुम्हारे द्वारा मदद क्यों की गयी थी  ? (  Why had he been helped by you ? )


 Active and passive voice rules of past perfect tense :

Past perfect tense active voice structure :

[ Subject + had + Verb का तीसरा रुप + Object + Other word ]

Active voice examples :

  • I had bought this car before you came.
  • He had spoken English In the class.
  • Had you read all chapters before your father came ?
  • I had written a novel in English.
  • Ravi had beaten him in the class.

Past perfect tense passive voice structure :

[ Active voice object का subjective form + had + been + verb का तीसरा रुप + Other word + by + active voice subject का objective form ]

Active and passive voice examples :

A - She had prepared something special for me.
P - Something special had been prepared for me by her.
A - Ravi had found you stealing my book.
P-  You had been found stealing my book by Ravi.
A- They had completed all projects before I went to office.
P - All projects had been completed by them before I went to office.
A- Heena had helped me to solve this problem.
P - I had been helped to solve this problem by Heena.
A - I had gave him a book before you told.
P - A book had been given to him by me before you told.
( इस वाक्य में आप ' A book ' की जगह ' He had been ' का भी प्रयोग कर सकते हैं क्योंकि दोनो वाक्य के ' Objects ' )
P- He had been given a book by him before you told.

Negative Active voice Structure :

[ Subject + had + not + verb का तीसरा रुप + Object + other word ]
Examples :
  • He had not spoken English in the class.
  • They had not worked well.
  • Heena had not seen you coming here.
  • You had not written a letter to him before I came.
  • She had not done his home work before father came.

Negative Passive voice structure :

[ Active voice Object का subjective form + had + not + been + verb का तीसरा रुप + other word + by + active voice subject का objective form ]
Examples : 
A - I had not done this work before you came here.
P - This work had not been done by me before you came here.
( क्या आप जानते हैं कि " Had" का प्रयोग कब, कहाँ और कैसे करते हैं ? यदि नहीं तो चलिए जान लेते हैं - Had का प्रयोग एकवचन और बहुवचन दोनों कर्ता के साथ Past Perfect Tense में किया जाता है )
Active - Rita had not told me a story.
Passive - A story had not been told to me by Rita.
Active - His father had not loved him too much before you came.
Passive - He had not been loved too much by his father before you came.
Active - They had not purchased a book form that shop.
Passive - A book had not been purchased from that shop by them.
A - Rohan had not repaired this car before you went.
P - This car had not been repaired by Rohan before you went.
A - Your brother had not read a book.
P - A book had not been read by your brother.

Interrogative active voice Structure :

(1) Yes/No type questions :
[ Had + Subject + ( not ) + verb का तीसरा रुप + Object + other word + ? ]
Examples :
  • Had he learned something before you scolded ?
  • Had he not watched this movie ?
  • Had you never driven this car ?
  • Had you not played cricket before your father came ?
  • Had he not abused you in the class ?

Interrogative passive voice structure :

[  Had + active voice object का subjective form + (not) + been + Verb का तीसरा रुप + Other Word + by + active voice Subject का Objective form + ? ]

Active and passive voice examples :

A - Had he done his homework before you went ?
P - Was his homework being done in the class by him ?
A - Had they not bought a dress ?
P - Was a book not being bought there by them ?
A - Had you not watched this movie before you went to village ?
P - Was cricket not being played with you by him ?
A - Had they not driven this car ?
P - Was serial not being watched yesterday by them ?
A - Had he not taught you well ?
P - Was I not being taught well by Ravi ?

W.H. Word type passive voice questions :

[ W.H. Word + had + active voice object का subjective form + (not) + been + verb का तीसरा रुप + other Word + by + active voice subject का Objective form + ? ]
Examples : 
A - Why had he not cooked food ?
P - Why had food not been cooked by him ?
A - Who had spoken it ?
P - By whom had it been spoken ?
A - What had you seen there ?
P - What had been seen there by you ?
A - Where had you bought this book from ?
P - Where had this book been bought from by you ?
A - What had he done for you ?
P - What had been done for you buy him ?
अगर आपको Past perfect tense का active and passive voice  सीखना अच्छा लगा तो आप इस post को अपने दोस्तों के साथ Facebook और What's App पर शेयर जरुर करें, धन्यवाद !

Active And Passive Voice :

Active And Passive Voice Rules Of Past Perfect Tense With Examples Active And Passive Voice Rules Of Past Perfect Tense With Examples Reviewed by Angreji Masterji on June 21, 2019 Rating: 5
Powered by Blogger.